Política cultural en áreas rurales. El batey azucarero de Elpidio Gómez

  • Lic. Sita López Cazorla Universidad de Cienfuegos
  • Karla Maure Alvarez Universidad de Cienfuegos
  • Dr.C. Fernando Agüero Contreras Universidad de Cienfuegos

Resumen

Se destaca teóricamente el papel de la cultura en el despliegue de la economía agropecuaria de una zona rural y se valora el papel de las organizaciones e instituciones en asentamientos de base a la economía agropecuaria para concretar las políticas culturales. Para ello se tomó como objeto de estudio la estructura de un consejo popular articulado al central azucarero Elpidio Gómez del municipio Palmira, provincia Cienfuegos, al centro sur de Cuba. Se realizó un estudio explicativo, que se sustenta en análisis de documentos, observación, entrevistas semiestructuradas y un cuestionario aplicado a 104 residentes de la zona. Aunque fueron identificados valores relevantes respecto al patrimonio material e inmaterial en la zona y el sistema de festividades, quedó evidenciada la falta de integración entre las organizaciones e instituciones más relevantes para asumir las políticas culturales en función de las metas y problemáticas reales que se enfrentan en la zona.

Palabras clave: Política cultural, área rural, economía agropecuaria

 

ABSTRACT

In this work it is emphasized the theoretical role of culture to deploy the agrarian economic and rural life in communities and settlements linked to these productions. At the same time it is revealed the importance of organizations and institutions in these spaces deeply linked with these economical activities. It was taken into account the political structure of a Popular Council which grouped different settlements linked with sugar cane plantation and role placed by the sugar machine settlement, named as Elpidio Gómez courtyard, belonging to Palmira Municipality in Cienfuegos Province, as the most important center of cultural, economic and social importance there. The explanatory study which is sustained in methods such as the analysis of documents, the observation and the non-structured interviews and a questionnaire applied to 104 inhabitants in this rural area. Although it is identified outstanding values for the material and immaterial patrimony in those communities and the system of festivities, integration lack is demonstrated among the organizations and more outstanding institutions of the area to assume the cultural policies in function of the real goals and problematics that people and communities are facing at the present time.

Keywords: Cultural policy, rural area, agricultural economy

Publicado
2017-12-08